Modified: 28 Apr 2022 01:33 UTC
Stability: Unknown

Usage: docker build [OPTIONS] PATH | URL | -

Build a new image from the source code at PATH

  --build-arg=[]                  Set build-time variables
  --cpu-shares                    CPU Shares (relative weight)
  --cgroup-parent=""              Optional parent cgroup for the container
  --cpu-period=0                  Limit the CPU CFS (Completely Fair Scheduler) period
  --cpu-quota=0                   Limit the CPU CFS (Completely Fair Scheduler) quota
  --cpuset-cpus=""                CPUs in which to allow execution, e.g. `0-3`, `0,1`
  --cpuset-mems=""                MEMs in which to allow execution, e.g. `0-3`, `0,1`
  --disable-content-trust=true    Skip image verification
  -f, --file=""                   Name of the Dockerfile (Default is 'PATH/Dockerfile')
  --force-rm                      Always remove intermediate containers
  --help                          Print usage
  --label                         Set metadata for an image (default [])
  --isolation=""                  Container isolation technology
  -m, --memory=""                 Memory limit for all build containers
  --memory-swap=""                A positive integer equal to memory plus swap. Specify -1 to enable unlimited swap.
  --no-cache                      Do not use cache when building the image
  --pull                          Always attempt to pull a newer version of the image
  -q, --quiet                     Suppress the build output and print image ID on success
  --rm=true                       Remove intermediate containers after a successful build
  --shm-size=[]                   Size of `/dev/shm`. The format is `<number><unit>`. `number` must be greater than `0`.  Unit is optional and can be `b` (bytes), `k` (kilobytes), `m` (megabytes), or `g` (gigabytes). If you omit the unit, the system uses bytes. If you omit the size entirely, the system uses `64m`.
  -t, --tag=[]                    Name and optionally a tag in the 'name:tag' format
  --ulimit=[]                     Ulimit options

Builds Docker images from a Dockerfile and a "context". A build's context is the files located in the specified PATH or URL. The build process can refer to any of the files in the context. For example, your build can use an ADD instruction to reference a file in the context.

The URL parameter can specify the location of a Git repository; the repository acts as the build context. The system recursively clones the repository and its submodules using a git clone --depth 1 --recursive command. This command runs in a temporary directory on your local host. After the command succeeds, the directory is sent to the Docker daemon as the context. Local clones give you the ability to access private repositories using local user credentials, VPNs, and so forth.

Git URLs accept context configuration in their fragment section, separated by a colon :. The first part represents the reference that Git will check out, this can be either a branch, a tag, or a commit SHA. The second part represents a subdirectory inside the repository that will be used as a build context.

For example, run this command to use a directory called docker in the branch container:

  $ docker build

The following table represents all the valid suffixes with their build contexts:

Build Syntax Suffix | Commit Used | Build Context Used